Compliance Finding

compliance_finding (2003)

Compliance Finding events describe results of evaluations performed against resources, to check compliance with various Industry Frameworks or Security Standards such as NIST SP 800-53, CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark v1.4.0, ISO/IEC 27001 etc.

Contents

Attributes

Caption Name Type Is Array Default Description
Activity ID activity_id Integer The normalized identifier of the finding activity.
0
Unknown
1
Create
2
Update
3
Close
99
Other
Activity activity_name String The finding activity name, as defined by the activity_id.
Actor actor Actor The actor object describes details about the user/role/process that was the source of the activity.
API Details api API Describes details about a typical API (Application Programming Interface) call.
Category category_name String The event category name, as defined by category_uid value.
Category ID category_uid Integer The category unique identifier of the event.
2
Findings
Class class_name String The event class name, as defined by class_uid value.
Class ID class_uid Integer The unique identifier of a class. A class describes the attributes available in an event.
2003
Compliance Finding
Cloud cloud Cloud Describes details about the Cloud environment where the event was originally created or logged.
Comment comment String A user provided comment about the finding.
Compliance compliance Compliance The compliance object provides context to compliance findings (e.g., a check against a specific regulatory or best practice framework such as CIS, NIST etc.) and contains compliance related details.
Confidence confidence Integer The confidence of the reported event severity as a percentage: 0%-100%.

Deprecated since 1.1.0: Deprecated in upgrade from ocsf-0.31.1 to qdm-1.1.0

Confidence Id confidence_id Integer The normalized confidence refers to the accuracy of the rule that created the finding. A rule with a low confidence means that the finding scope is wide and may create finding reports that may not be malicious in nature.
0
Unknown
1
Low
2
Medium
3
High
99
Other
Confidence Score confidence_score Integer The confidence score as reported by the event source.
Count count Integer 1 The number of times that events in the same logical group occurred during the event Start Time to End Time period.
Data data JSON Additional data that is associated with the event.

Deprecated since 1.1.0: Deprecated in upgrade from ocsf-0.31.1 to qdm-1.1.0

Device device Device An addressable device, computer system or host.
Duration duration Integer The event duration or aggregate time, the amount of time the event covers from start_time to end_time in milliseconds.
End Time end_time Timestamp The time of the most recent event included in the finding.
Enrichments enrichments Enrichment The additional information from an external data source, which is associated with the event or a finding. For example add location information for the IP address in the DNS answers:

[{"name": "answers.ip", "value": "92.24.47.250", "type": "location", "data": {"city": "Socotra", "continent": "Asia", "coordinates": [-25.4153, 17.0743], "country": "YE", "desc": "Yemen"}}]
Finding Information finding_info Finding Information Describes the supporting information about a generated finding.
Message message String The description of the event/finding, as defined by the source.
Metadata metadata Metadata The metadata associated with the event or a finding.
Observables observables Observable The observables associated with the event or a finding.
Raw Data raw_data JSON The event data as received from the event source.
Record ID record_id String Unique idenifier for the event
Remediation Guidance remediation Remediation Describes the recommended remediation steps to address identified issue(s).
Resource resource Resource Details Describes details about the resource that is the subject of the compliance check.
Severity severity String The event/finding severity, normalized to the caption of the severity_id value. In the case of 'Other', it is defined by the source.
Severity ID severity_id Integer

The normalized identifier of the event/finding severity.

The normalized severity is a measurement the effort and expense required to manage and resolve an event or incident. Smaller numerical values represent lower impact events, and larger numerical values represent higher impact events.
0
Unknown
1
Informational
2
Low
3
Medium
4
High
5
Critical
6
Fatal
99
Other
Start Time start_time Timestamp The time of the least recent event included in the finding.
Status status String The normalized status of the Finding set by the consumer normalized to the caption of the status_id value. In the case of 'Other', it is defined by the source.
Status Code status_code String The event status code, as reported by the event source.

For example, in a Windows Failed Authentication event, this would be the value of 'Failure Code', e.g. 0x18.
Status Details status_detail String The status details contains additional information about the event/finding outcome.
Status ID status_id Integer The normalized status identifier of the Finding, set by the consumer.
0
Unknown
1
New
2
In Progress
3
Suppressed
4
Resolved
99
Other
Event Time time Timestamp The normalized event occurrence time or the finding creation time.
Timezone Offset timezone_offset Integer The number of minutes that the reported event time is ahead or behind UTC, in the range -1,080 to +1,080.
Type Name type_name String The event/finding type name, as defined by the type_uid.
Type ID type_uid Long The event/finding type ID. It identifies the event's semantics and structure. The value is calculated by the logging system as: class_uid * 100 + activity_id.
200300
Compliance Finding: Unknown
200301
Compliance Finding: Create
200302
Compliance Finding: Update
200303
Compliance Finding: Close
200399
Compliance Finding: Other
Unmapped Data unmapped Unmapped The attributes that are not mapped to the event schema. The names and values of those attributes are specific to the event source.

Context

Compliance Finding

JSON

            
{
  "uid": 3,
  "caption": "Compliance Finding",
  "category": "findings",
  "description": "Compliance Finding events describe results of evaluations performed against resources, to check compliance with various Industry Frameworks or Security Standards such as <code>NIST SP 800-53, CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark v1.4.0, ISO/IEC 27001</code> etc.",
  "extends": "finding",
  "name": "compliance_finding",
  "attributes": {
    "compliance": {
      "group": "primary",
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Compliance",
      "description": "The compliance object provides context to compliance findings (e.g., a check against a specific regulatory or best practice framework such as CIS, NIST etc.) and contains compliance related details.",
      "type": "compliance"
    },
    "remediation": {
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "caption": "Remediation Guidance",
      "description": "Describes the recommended remediation steps to address identified issue(s).",
      "type": "remediation"
    },
    "resource": {
      "description": "Describes details about the resource that is the subject of the compliance check.",
      "group": "primary",
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "caption": "Resource",
      "type": "resource_details"
    },
    "$include": [
      "profiles/host.json"
    ],
    "activity_name": {
      "description": "The finding activity name, as defined by the <code>activity_id</code>.",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Activity",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "activity_id": {
      "description": "The normalized identifier of the finding activity.",
      "enum": {
        "1": {
          "caption": "Create",
          "description": "A finding was created."
        },
        "2": {
          "caption": "Update",
          "description": "A finding was updated."
        },
        "3": {
          "caption": "Close",
          "description": "A finding was closed."
        },
        "0": {
          "caption": "Unknown",
          "description": "The event activity is unknown."
        },
        "99": {
          "caption": "Other",
          "description": "The event activity is not mapped. See the <code>activity_name</code> attribute, which contains a data source specific value."
        }
      },
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Activity ID",
      "sibling": "activity_name",
      "type": "integer_t"
    },
    "comment": {
      "description": "A user provided comment about the finding.",
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Comment",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "confidence": {
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Confidence",
      "description": "The confidence of the reported event severity as a percentage: 0%-100%.",
      "type": "integer_t",
      "@deprecated": {
        "since": "1.1.0",
        "message": "Deprecated in upgrade from ocsf-0.31.1 to qdm-1.1.0"
      }
    },
    "confidence_id": {
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "caption": "Confidence Id",
      "description": "The normalized confidence refers to the accuracy of the rule that created the finding. A rule with a low confidence means that the finding scope is wide and may create finding reports that may not be malicious in nature.",
      "enum": {
        "0": {
          "caption": "Unknown",
          "description": "The normalized confidence is unknown."
        },
        "1": {
          "caption": "Low"
        },
        "2": {
          "caption": "Medium"
        },
        "3": {
          "caption": "High"
        },
        "99": {
          "caption": "Other",
          "description": "The confidence is not mapped to the defined enum values. See the <code>confidence</code> attribute, which contains a data source specific value."
        }
      },
      "type": "integer_t"
    },
    "confidence_score": {
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Confidence Score",
      "description": "The confidence score as reported by the event source.",
      "type": "integer_t"
    },
    "device": {
      "description": "An addressable device, computer system or host.",
      "group": "primary",
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "caption": "Device",
      "type": "device"
    },
    "end_time": {
      "description": "The time of the most recent event included in the finding.",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "End Time",
      "type": "timestamp_t"
    },
    "finding_info": {
      "group": "primary",
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Finding Information",
      "description": "Describes the supporting information about a generated finding.",
      "type": "finding_info"
    },
    "start_time": {
      "description": "The time of the least recent event included in the finding.",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Start Time",
      "type": "timestamp_t"
    },
    "status": {
      "description": "The normalized status of the Finding set by the consumer normalized to the caption of the status_id value. In the case of 'Other', it is defined by the source.",
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Status",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "status_id": {
      "description": "The normalized status identifier of the Finding, set by the consumer.",
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "enum": {
        "1": {
          "caption": "New",
          "description": "The Finding is new and yet to be reviewed."
        },
        "2": {
          "caption": "In Progress",
          "description": "The Finding is under review."
        },
        "3": {
          "caption": "Suppressed",
          "description": "The Finding was reviewed, determined to be benign or a false positive and is now suppressed."
        },
        "4": {
          "caption": "Resolved",
          "description": "The Finding was reviewed, remediated and is now considered resolved."
        },
        "99": {
          "caption": "Other",
          "description": "The event status is not mapped. See the <code>status</code> attribute, which contains a data source specific value."
        },
        "0": {
          "caption": "Unknown",
          "description": "The status is unknown."
        }
      },
      "caption": "Status ID",
      "sibling": "status",
      "type": "integer_t"
    },
    "actor": {
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Actor",
      "description": "The actor object describes details about the user/role/process that was the source of the activity.",
      "type": "actor"
    },
    "enrichments": {
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Enrichments",
      "description": "The additional information from an external data source, which is associated with the event or a finding. For example add location information for the IP address in the DNS answers:</p><code>[{\"name\": \"answers.ip\", \"value\": \"92.24.47.250\", \"type\": \"location\", \"data\": {\"city\": \"Socotra\", \"continent\": \"Asia\", \"coordinates\": [-25.4153, 17.0743], \"country\": \"YE\", \"desc\": \"Yemen\"}}]</code>",
      "is_array": true,
      "type": "enrichment"
    },
    "message": {
      "group": "primary",
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "caption": "Message",
      "description": "The description of the event/finding, as defined by the source.",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "metadata": {
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Metadata",
      "description": "The metadata associated with the event or a finding.",
      "type": "metadata"
    },
    "observables": {
      "group": "primary",
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "caption": "Observables",
      "description": "The observables associated with the event or a finding.",
      "is_array": true,
      "type": "observable"
    },
    "raw_data": {
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Raw Data",
      "description": "The event data as received from the event source.",
      "type": "json_t"
    },
    "severity": {
      "group": "classification",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Severity",
      "description": "The event/finding severity, normalized to the caption of the severity_id value. In the case of 'Other', it is defined by the source.",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "severity_id": {
      "group": "classification",
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Severity ID",
      "description": "<p>The normalized identifier of the event/finding severity.</p>The normalized severity is a measurement the effort and expense required to manage and resolve an event or incident. Smaller numerical values represent lower impact events, and larger numerical values represent higher impact events.",
      "enum": {
        "99": {
          "caption": "Other",
          "description": "The event/finding severity is not mapped. See the <code>severity</code> attribute, which contains a data source specific value."
        },
        "0": {
          "caption": "Unknown",
          "description": "The event severity is not known."
        },
        "1": {
          "caption": "Informational",
          "description": "Informational message. No action required."
        },
        "2": {
          "caption": "Low",
          "description": "The user decides if action is needed."
        },
        "3": {
          "caption": "Medium",
          "description": "Action is required but the situation is not serious at this time."
        },
        "4": {
          "caption": "High",
          "description": "Action is required immediately."
        },
        "5": {
          "caption": "Critical",
          "description": "Action is required immediately and the scope is broad."
        },
        "6": {
          "caption": "Fatal",
          "description": "An error occurred but it is too late to take remedial action."
        }
      },
      "sibling": "severity",
      "type": "integer_t"
    },
    "status_code": {
      "group": "primary",
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "caption": "Status Code",
      "description": "The event status code, as reported by the event source.<br /><br />For example, in a Windows Failed Authentication event, this would be the value of 'Failure Code', e.g. 0x18.",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "status_detail": {
      "group": "primary",
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "caption": "Status Details",
      "description": "The status details contains additional information about the event/finding outcome.",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "unmapped": {
      "group": "context",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Unmapped Data",
      "description": "The attributes that are not mapped to the event schema. The names and values of those attributes are specific to the event source.",
      "type": "unmapped",
      "is_array": true
    },
    "category_name": {
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Category",
      "description": "The event category name, as defined by category_uid value.",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "category_uid": {
      "enum": {
        "2": {
          "caption": "Findings",
          "description": "Findings events report findings, detections, and possible resolutions of malware, anomalies, or other actions performed by security products."
        }
      },
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Category ID",
      "description": "The category unique identifier of the event.",
      "sibling": "category_name",
      "type": "integer_t"
    },
    "class_name": {
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Class",
      "description": "The event class name, as defined by class_uid value.",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "class_uid": {
      "enum": {
        "2003": {
          "caption": "Compliance Finding",
          "description": "Compliance Finding events describe results of evaluations performed against resources, to check compliance with various Industry Frameworks or Security Standards such as <code>NIST SP 800-53, CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark v1.4.0, ISO/IEC 27001</code> etc."
        }
      },
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Class ID",
      "description": "The unique identifier of a class. A class describes the attributes available in an event.",
      "sibling": "class_name",
      "type": "integer_t"
    },
    "type_name": {
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Type Name",
      "description": "The event/finding type name, as defined by the type_uid.",
      "type": "string_t"
    },
    "type_uid": {
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Type ID",
      "description": "The event/finding type ID. It identifies the event's semantics and structure. The value is calculated by the logging system as: <code>class_uid * 100 + activity_id</code>.",
      "sibling": "type_name",
      "type": "long_t",
      "enum": {
        "200301": {
          "caption": "Compliance Finding: Create"
        },
        "200302": {
          "caption": "Compliance Finding: Update"
        },
        "200303": {
          "caption": "Compliance Finding: Close"
        },
        "200300": {
          "caption": "Compliance Finding: Unknown"
        },
        "200399": {
          "caption": "Compliance Finding: Other"
        }
      }
    },
    "count": {
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Count",
      "description": "The number of times that events in the same logical group occurred during the event <strong>Start Time</strong> to <strong>End Time</strong> period.",
      "type": "integer_t",
      "default": 1
    },
    "duration": {
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Duration",
      "description": "The event duration or aggregate time, the amount of time the event covers from <code>start_time</code> to <code>end_time</code> in milliseconds.",
      "type": "integer_t"
    },
    "time": {
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Event Time",
      "description": "The normalized event occurrence time or the finding creation time.",
      "type": "timestamp_t"
    },
    "timezone_offset": {
      "requirement": "recommended",
      "caption": "Timezone Offset",
      "description": "The number of minutes that the reported event <code>time</code> is ahead or behind UTC, in the range -1,080 to +1,080.",
      "type": "integer_t"
    },
    "cloud": {
      "requirement": "required",
      "group": "primary",
      "caption": "Cloud",
      "description": "Describes details about the Cloud environment where the event was originally created or logged.",
      "type": "cloud"
    },
    "api": {
      "requirement": "optional",
      "group": "context",
      "caption": "API Details",
      "description": "Describes details about a typical API (Application Programming Interface) call.",
      "type": "api"
    },
    "data": {
      "description": "Additional data that is associated with the event.",
      "requirement": "optional",
      "caption": "Data",
      "type": "json_t",
      "@deprecated": {
        "since": "1.1.0",
        "message": "Deprecated in upgrade from ocsf-0.31.1 to qdm-1.1.0"
      }
    },
    "record_id": {
      "description": "Unique idenifier for the event",
      "group": "primary",
      "requirement": "required",
      "caption": "Record ID",
      "type": "string_t"
    }
  },
  "profiles": [
    "host"
  ]
}